Ireland’s First BVLOS Delivery of Insulin

Ireland’s First BVLOS Delivery of Insulin

Skytango's CEO Steve Flynn kneeling beside a white fixed wing drone from Wingcopter

Steve Flynn pre-launch at Aer Arann aerodrome, Connemara

JANUARY 2019 | Month 1

Can you please give me a call to discuss the logistics of sending a 50g payload to the Arann Islands via drone.
Best Regards

This was the brief email I received from Professor Derek O’Keeffe of NUI Galway back in January 2019 which gave birth to the #DiabetesDrone BVLOS (beyond visual line of sight) historic event which took place in the middle of Connemara – ironically 9 months later!  The project was led by NUI Galway, project managed by Skytango with partners Survey Drones Ireland, Wingcopter, Vodafone and global healthcare company Novo Nordisk.

Prof. Derek O'Keefe of NUI Galway in foreground with white Wingcopter drone hovering in the background

Prof. Derek O’Keefe, NUI Galway | Photo: Andrew Downes @xposure101

Derek, a Professor of Medical Device Technology, NUI Galway and Consultant Physician at Galway University Hospitals, asked me to meet with his group after he’d read about our work with the national postal service here in Ireland in 2018. He asked if we could deliver a batch of diabetes medicine (insulin) via a drone from the mainland near Galway to the Aran Islands.

Following Hurricane Ophelia in 2017 and the flooding that ensued, Derek noticed that his diabetes patients were unable to make it into his clinic. Storm Emma the following year had similar results when patients were snowed in on farms. All patients with Type 1 diabetes require a supply of both insulin and glucagon for disease management and 40% of patients with Type 2 diabetes require insulin therapy. These medications are usually available from local pharmacies, however in remote geographic regions, communities and individuals can become isolated for days and a situation may arise where patients can run out of their lifesaving diabetes medication.

This gave him pause for thought. Climate change meant that these severe weather events would not be isolated and would become more commonplace in the future which would put his patients at greater and greater risk. He felt it was incumbent on him to look for a solution.

If it’s worth doing, it’s worth doing right!

My initial reaction was that not only was this a worthwhile #DronesForGood project but it was an opportunity to explore what is real and what is hype when it comes to drone deliveries. Because of advances that have already been made in the industry, I explained that the act of simply delivering something by drone was no longer news, but a BVLOS (beyond visual line of sight) delivery that tracked operational and regulatory compliance – vital for the delivery of medicines – and kept all stakeholders informed in real-time; the drone pilot, the hospital, the drug manufacturer, the patient, even the doctor and community under the drone, would be a project worth doing.

This was a terrific opportunity to work with NUIG (Galway University) but I knew we needed a cross-discipline team to pull it off.

The question was, what kind of drone did we need?

The first drone suggested was the DJI Mavic Pro.  I heard from several quarters that  ‘the specs say it will fly 8km’.

That’s the first bit of hype I needed to overcome. Just because a drone might say on the label that it can fly the distance, doesn’t mean it can really do it.  Secondly, you can’t just throw a drone up in the air with something strapped to it and expect it to perform as it would without a payload. Thirdly, the distance we needed to cover was well over 8 km!

A traditional quad or octocopter wasn’t the best choice either to cover the almost 20km we needed it to.  I knew we needed a fixed-wing system. I figured if we’re flying a parcel the size of an Epi-Pen,  a foam wing with a small area for the payload might be the craft for the job. However, many of the pilots I know who fly foam wings were sceptical about this being reliable enough and on further investigation, the payload would need to be kept at a constant temperature which meant different technology and a larger payload.

As I was searching for the right machine, I was introduced to Sam Barraclough and Wayne Floyd of Survey Drones Ireland.

Back in April of this year, they were preparing to receive a new fixed-wing VTOL (vertical take-off and landing) from a German startup called Wingcopter. I looked at the specs on this machine and it seemed perfect. It was midsized, had set a Guinness speed record (with an average of 240.6 km/h) and could land virtually anywhere.

#DiabetesDrone Skytango, Wingcopter Drone

Wingcopter VTOL Drone flying in Connemara, Galway | Photo: Andrew Downes/@exposure101

I arranged a meeting with Survey Drone’s chief pilot Wayne Floyd, who has a long history of flying drones including for the Irish military. He’s a quick-witted fast-talking drone pilot and certified trainer whose energy, enthusiasm and ‘can do’ attitude was a plus, and I knew he had the experience to follow through and actually do what he said he could do.  We talked at length about how important transparency throughout the process would be and if we thought we could wade through the regulatory hurdles with the Irish Aviation Authority to make this flight a reality.

At the time we talked, there had not been a BVLOS delivery in Ireland. Wayne brought me in to meet his colleague Sam Barraclough. Sam’s expertise came from GIS services and traditional survey technology, but recently he and Wayne had been developing and growing the services at Survey Drones Ireland (a division of SISIrl). When we began to explore using their new Wingcopter drone to execute the delivery, Sam explained that their system was designed for carrying a large Lidar survey unit, and as such, was not really equipped with the necessary redundant systems that would be required by the IAA if we were going to get permission to execute this BVLOS flight. So it was back to the drawing board to find the right rig.

It looked like it wasn’t going to happen in the allotted timeframe.

I gave the bad news to Derek at NUIG but said we shouldn’t throw the towel in yet.  As it turned out, it was the first of many ups and downs on this 9-month rollercoaster.  A few weeks after my initial meeting with Wayne & Sam, they contacted me again and told me that they had spoken to the engineering team at Wingcopter and that they offered to join the efforts by supplying a drone specifically designed for drone deliveries. As it turned out, Wingcopter had been working with Unicef in Malawi doing long-distance deliveries for the past 3 months. We were back in the game!

Group of people standing by Wingcopter Drone in Vanuatu delivering vaccines for Unicef with the Wingcopter drone used for vaccine delivery

April 2019  | Month 4

In mid-April, we began to get a better sense of what the IAA would require from us to allow us to attempt this #DiabetesDrone BVLOS flight. Wayne Floyd led the effort to plan the RAM’s (Risk Assessments and Mitigation Statements). These are the documents that explain in detail what the risks of the operation are, followed by our efforts to mitigate those risks. You can never reduce risk to zero, but you can work through how to reduce the chance of anything happening to such a point where it is acceptable to execute the operation. Creating these documents is an extensive effort and includes everything from how to prevent collisions with other aircraft, the safety of the public, landowner permissions, solar flare and GPS signal limits, and anything else you might imagine could happen.

Also,  how would we assure connectivity with the drone over such long distance?

The Irish Aviation Authority required us to have constant data connectivity including very low latency for live video downlinks and telemetry over the 20km. Using satellite links was possible, but also very costly. So our second option was to leverage a mobile data LTE network if possible as our primary link, leaving the sat links as redundant backups. This meant we needed an additional partner.

Over the last four years, Skytango has developed a close working relationship with Dublin Smart Cities and I knew they had made great inroads into developing IoT networks. So I asked them if they could make any introductions at Vodafone Ireland. Once we explained the #DiabetesDrone project and goals, Vodafone stepped right up and agreed to support our efforts with their 4G LTE network. We arranged a group meeting and my thoughts were that now we could finally move forward.

Wayne, Sam, my co-founder Susan Talbot and I went into Vodafone to discuss how it would all work and we were met with our second obstacle on this journey to break new ground with drones. It was not a given that the signal strength we needed would work! The signal towers are focused on putting that signal on the ground, and nobody really knew how they would work with a drone flying as high as 1300 feet. Vodafone couldn’t guarantee their involvement until we could prove the drone had signal strength along its flight path.

So… more testing!  Sam, Wayne, and the Vodafone technician Rob Kennedy began working with the IAA to find a place in the country where they could put a Wingcopter up in the air near a tower and actually test signal strengths at various heights. Vodafone fitted special equipment to sense signal strength within the drone and determined that the optimum height would be from 130 Meters to 300 meters.

JULY 2019 | Month 7

It was mid-July before we had confirmation that we could meet the stringent IAA standards for connectivity across the entire flight path.

AUGUST 2019  | Month 8

By August 10th  everything was in alignment. We finally had positive tests thanks to Wayne, Sam and Vodafone’s engineer, Rob. We had the drone hardware (WIngcopter), the pilots (Wayne and co.), the network (Vodafone), our compliance and drone management software (Skytango), and the final piece of the puzzle was waiting for the IAA to say yes.

If you push the regulator, they’ll push back!

Regulators in Ireland actively resist responding to commercial pressure or deadlines when they are charged with ensuring public safety, as it should be. So no amount of phonecalls will hasten the process. A BVLOS (beyond visual line of sight) flight is something that, as yet, has no clear process in place here, so there were no simple forms to fill out. No way to just apply and get a sign-off. We were in new territory. Wayne led the charge throughout the summer months through many meetings and many revisions of RAM’s to get the approval.

We chose to believe that the IAA was on our side and wanted to champion innovation, so in early August we took a chance and began to book flights and accommodation to bring over the crew from Wingcopter for the week-long testing scheduled before the actual delivery flight to Inis Mór.

We only had a provisional sign off from the IAA and this wouldn’t change until two days before the scheduled flight which put everyone under pressure.

Flying in the face of superstition, we scheduled the delivery for Friday the 13th September.

MONDAY | Sept 9th 2019

Our Wingcopter crew arrived on Monday,  9th September. Drone Pilots Santiago Montenegro, Christoph Zechner, and Wingcopter engineer Julius Boes arrived in Dublin with their cases and their drones and in the case of Christoph – a healthy dose of jet lag as he flew in from Japan. This was a big deal for us all. We drove our caravan of vehicles across Ireland to the Gaeltacht area of Connemara, just west of Galway.  Our first view of Galway Bay was sunny and full of promise. We drove to our accommodation in Carraroe, about 15 minutes west of the aerodrome in Inverin where we would be spending the week, and got ready for our first flight tests on Tuesday. We still had no final approvals from the IAA but hoped they were close.

TUESDAY | Sept 10th 2019

#DiabetesDrone Project Team Breakfast

L to R: Santiago Montenegro (WC), Wayne Floyd (SD), Christoph Zechner (WC), Martin Osborne (Camera).

After a hearty breakfast on Tuesday morning, we began setting up our launch area in the empty parking lot adjacent to the Connemara airport.
One of the big issues at an airport is who is allowed to be “airside” or on their runways. Because we didn’t know how many people we’d have on a given day, we didn’t want to have to negotiate that paperwork, so we positioned our area in an unused section of the parking lot behind some ropes. This would become our exclusion area for launching and landing.

The gravel was much more packed than we’d expected. This prohibited the crew from securing to the ground the tarp that would prevent stones and dust kicking back up into the drone on launch. So we needed another solution. Utilizing our local fixer’s contacts, we found a fish processing factory nearby that was willing to supply us with some large pallets to build an elevated platform.

But the weather began to close in and the rain and wind we associate with the west of Ireland began punishing us. We abandoned testing when winds of 35 mph and heavy rain pushed us home early.

WEDNESDAY | Sept 11th 2019

As an American, September 11th is always a little poignant for me. It felt good for us all to be involved in an aviation project that has the potential to benefit others in a really useful and practical way and ultimately, save lives.  Our plans for the day included getting the final approval and clearances from the IAA and initiating flight tests to check connectivity on the drone over the channel.  But again, the weather was not cooperating. We continued finalizing the landing zone, and the Wingcopter team did a detailed inspection of the drone after its shipping from Germany. They discovered one propeller showed small abrasions and needed replacing, which they did and proceeded to test the spares.  When a drone is flying BVLOS, everything needs to be in perfect condition. There can be no surprises and the margin for error is extremely small. This flight was primarily over water. I don’t need to spell out the consequences of a malfunction in a congested area – on this of all days.

We spoke to the IAA, and their senior drone regulator committed to attending our Thursday tests and the Friday delivery. However, while we had mission approval, we were still missing approval to close the airspace. We needed a TRA (Temporary Restricted Airspace) issued, and a NOTAM (Notice To Airmen) which was to come from another department within the IAA. These are what other pilots use to plan their flights and we needed to be listed to be safe. With only two days to go before we lost our team and the drone, we had still not completed a flight test and had no idea if the #DiabetesDrone project would go ahead.

Before we shut down for the day and in an effort to get some preparation done,  the Wingcopter team executed an 18km flight by flying a 1.8km circuit 10 times. It took 15 minutes from launch to landing.

#DiabetesDrone hovering near airport

Photo: Andrew Downes @xposure101

The Wingcopter is one of the most graceful drones I’ve seen in action. It fed not only the engineer in me with its function, but the artist in me with its form.

The first time I saw the drone fly, I was mesmerized. It launched and sounded like most large hovering drones. But when it transitioned into forward flight, it went almost silent.  And it moved fast! The wind was blowing at 25 to 30 mph and had zero effect on the drone. My old octocopter would be working so hard in that wind it would fry the batteries. Actually – I wouldn’t be able to fly it in 30 mph winds.

THURSDAY | Sept 12th 2019

On Thursday the weather began to break. The drone regulator from the IAA arrived on site and we were finally able to begin putting the Wingcopter through its paces. Half of our team, Sam, Julius and Christoph, took the 10.30am ferry over to the Island of Inish Mór, the largest of the Aran Islands, to act as the secondary safety team. They would be on the landing site in the event someone needed to manually land the drone and would remain there until their return ferry at 5 pm.

The first flight was more exciting than it needed to be!

It seemed as though there was some interference with the GPS signal and the drone wasn’t as stable as it had been the day before – except in manual mode – which seemed to be perfect. The team determined that the most likely source of the problem was a video transmitter being used by the film crew. Every time the cameraman ventured near the drone and control stations, their transmitter seemed to cause problems. It was probably a poorly tuned or out of spec transmitter but the lesson learned is… if you’re going to fly a drone BVLOS, keep everything else away from it as you just don’t need the mystery of things like radio interference.

By 3 pm, the weather had cleared and the team were able to show solid stabilization modes, clear signal and good GPS. Wayne was able to execute a few VLOS (Visual line of sight) test flights out over the water near the airport simulating the crossing.   Again, they flew 20km each time by flying a circuit with a 1km radius, each loop running nearly 4km in circumference. This was the first day I got a look at the payload pod. Even this was impressive.  Inside this pod there is a temperature regulated box to hold medicine and samples.

By the time the second team returned from the island, we had still not received our NOTAM for Friday. Without it, there would be no delivery the following day and all the efforts and money spent would be for nothing.  While we were confident we would get it based on all the feedback we were getting from the IAA, there was still a chance it could be denied and there would be no #DiabetesDrone project to speak of.

There are many departments within an organization like the IAA, and they all have a responsibility to ensure decisions are based on safety and merit and not any external pressure. We all understood that and have a deep respect for their role, but it’s easy to lose that perspective when you know you have all the ‘T’s crossed and the ‘I’s dotted and with failure dangling in your face. We really wanted that NOTAM!

We had been working with Connemara airport all week. Our flight path was over the sea and in some of the quietest airspace in the country. The emergency recovery boat (an IAA prerequisite) was ready to go.

Who’d know if we went ahead and launched anyway“? Without proper permissions, as a team, we’d rather walk away empty handed than push through because we could.  If you’re doing this for a living, it’s not only about doing the right thing, but the correct thing.

Compliance of every aspect was the lynchpin of the entire project, from a medical regulatory standpoint as well as from an aviation regulatory standpoint and doing anything other than adhering to that would have defeated the purpose.

The weather forecast for Friday looked like the best of the week, but we’d all go to bed not knowing if the #DiabetesDrone project would materialize.

FRIDAY | Sept 13, 2019 | D-DAY 

Unlucky for some…but not for us!

The morning was clear with bright sun, blue skies and low winds. The final word came back from the IAA that our NOTAM was approved and issued the night before at 20:17. We had finally cleared all the regulatory hurdles and run multiple technical tests. Now, it all had to come together with the medicine on board.

I chose to go to the landing zone on Inis Mór with Derek. I’d seen the drone fly the day before, and I was excited to be present on the receiving end of this historic event. I joined the team on the 10.30am ferry and arrived at the Inish Mór airport around 11:50 am.

Aerial shot of Ferry leaving Rosaveel travelling to the Aran Islands

Ferry leaving Rosaveel en route to Inis Mór | Photo: Andrew Downes @xposure101

The safety team set up their workstation and opened radio comms to the shoreside station.

Listening to the team on the shore run through their checklists using the Skytango App and prep the drone was terrific. We could hear the drone power up and launch, and then we watched it on the telemetry as it began its journey across the sea.   There were 10 people waiting in anticipation at the airport, Derek, Owen Treacy, the country manager of Novo Nordisk (the manufacturer of the medicine being shipped), the local doctor, a diabetic patient, and the airport staff. Everyone had the same niggling fear in the back of their minds that was never voiced for fear of making it a reality.

What would happen if the drone went down? Would there be anything to recover for the recovery vessel?

Thankfully, we never had to find out. About 8 minutes in, we got the word the drone had crossed the midpoint of the channel. This meant that any emergency or ‘return to home’ maneuvre would bring the drone to us, and not back to its launch point.

At 14 minutes, we were warned to watch for the drone. You could hear it just before you could see it, and at 13:30, the drone was identified inbound over the centerline of the runway, just as expected.   It swooped in over our heads and did a large smooth arc to enter a landing pattern. It flew downwind and came around flying into the gentle 4mph breeze. When it transitioned to hover mode it made a loud pitching sound, and then went into a perfect hover.

As it began to descend on autopilot, I couldn’t help but notice it was the best landing of any drone I’ve ever seen. It was like it was on an elevator, one smooth movement all the way to the ground.

It touched down, powered down, and we’d done it!

I honestly couldn’t believe after 9 months of finding the right team members and working with everyone to help get over the challenge of the day, we’d done it. We’d flown the first autonomous BVLOS (Beyond Visual Line Of Sight) delivery of diabetes medicine  in a regulated space in Ireland and possibly in the world!

Map of flight path from Rosaveel to Inis Mór

The halfway mark or the moment ‘Home’ became Inis Mór

As if that wasn’t enough when the doctor took the medicine off the drone, the team placed a blood sample to be returned to the mainland for testing into the pod. The nose cone was mounted and the drone launched itself back into the air, yawed northward and flew like a seagull back to the mainland, landing where it began an hour earlier.

The battery still had 70% power remaining and could have done the mission over again  – twice.

This was (and is) a seriously efficient drone managed by a very talented group of people and the whole project, while it didn’t go smoothly from beginning to end, was an absolute pleasure to work on and will hopefully pave the way for other worthy BVLOS projects in Ireland.

#DiabetesDrone Group on Inis Mór after the BVLOS Insulin delivery

About #DiabetesDrone Partners

NUI Galway is one of Ireland’s foremost centres of academic excellence. Over 18,000 students undertake an extensive range of studies at the University, which is renowned for the quality of its graduates.

NUI Galway is a research-led University with internationally recognised expertise in areas including Biomedical Science and Engineering, Web Science, Human Rights, Marine Science, Energy and Environmental Science, Applied Social Sciences and Public Policy, and Humanities, in particular literature, theatre and Irish Studies.
For more information visit
Further information on the #DiabetesDrone will be available soon on

Vodafone is Ireland’s leading total communications provider with 2.3 million customers and employs over 2,000 people directly and indirectly in Ireland.

Vodafone provides a total range of communications solutions including voice, messaging, data and fixed communications to consumers and to small, medium and large businesses. Since 2011, Vodafone has expanded its enterprise division, offering integrated next-generation fixed and mobile solutions in addition to cloud-based platforms, IoT machine to machine services and professional ICT support.

Vodafone Group is one of the world’s leading international mobile communications groups with mobile operations in 25 countries, partners with mobile networks in 44 more, and fixed broadband operations in 18 markets.
For more information, visit

Skytango is a drone operations management platform that was founded in 2015 by Steven Flynn and Susan Talbot.  Steve was one of the earliest drone pilots to hold a commercial license in Ireland and quickly realised the problems when working with drones, clients and the communities they fly over. Skytango helps manage the Health & Safety aspects of drone operations across industries such as construction, utilities and media as well as improving transparency with real-time communication between stakeholders. Skytango streamlines the business workflow for organisations that want to embrace drone technology while maintaining regulatory compliance.
For more information, visit

Survey Drones Ireland
Survey Drones Ireland is a division of Survey Instrument Services (SIS). Survey Drones Ireland was created in April of 2018 to provide specialist training in the use of drones for surveying & construction purposes. SIS has specialized in the supply of high end Surveying Equipment since 1973. Shortly after its inception, Survey Drones Ireland became an approved IAA registered training facility, providing training across all types of drone operations, it rapidly expanded far beyond the surveying & construction industries

To date, we are proud to have trained hundreds of pilots in achieving their IAA licensing certificates, implementing drone workflows within some of Ireland’s largest surveying and construction companies as well as a number of state agencies. Our success has allowed us to invest in the very latest drone technology, software and training which has played a significant role in our level of involvement in this project and ensuring its success.
For more information, visit

Novo Nordisk
Novo Nordisk is a global healthcare company with more than 95 years of innovation and leadership in diabetes care. This heritage has given us experience and capabilities that also enable us to help people defeat obesity, haemophilia, growth disorders and other serious chronic diseases. Headquartered in Denmark, Novo Nordisk employs approximately 41,600 people in 80 countries and markets its products in more than 170 countries. For more information, visit, Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn, YouTube.
For more information, visit:

Starting a company in a small workshop and developing a cutting edge drone, this self-funded startup wants to inspire the world by aiming high and starting vertically. Following the German tradition of focus on quality, they use lightweight glass fibre and carbon airframes to create benchmark platforms that aims to get the best ratio between payload and take-off weight.
For more information, visit:

DRONEII: 2020 Drone Regulation Update

DRONEII: 2020 Drone Regulation Update

All five of the key areas of regulations and government measures discussed in this article will remain in focus in the coming year. What changes and what remains the same in the DRI ranking will largely depend on the headway that governments are able to make in cooperating with private stakeholders to create the drone regulations that best help stimulate and facilitate a healthy drone industry. The global health pandemic will likely to continue to impact the industry, as demand for automation increases and consequently special permissions for various drone operations increase in number.

However, while special permissions go a long way to open the door towards more complex missions, they are ultimately only a small step compared to the standardisation of those complex missions through comprehensive regulations. Therefore, the true impact of COVID-19 will remain to be seen in the long term as the industry awaits further integration of drones into airspace, especially urban and suburban areas that are currently heavily restricted.

DRONEII’s token social scientist, Millie Radovic has a BA in International Relations from King’s College London and an MSc from the University of Oxford. Earlier, she amongst other things researched Science & Tech policy for the NATO Parliamentary Assembly in Brussels. At DRONEII she particularly looks at drones and international development & global health projects.

24 Hours In Los Angeles Timelapse: Interview with Michael Izquierdo from Beverly Hills Aerials

24 Hours In Los Angeles Timelapse: Interview with Michael Izquierdo from Beverly Hills Aerials

24 hours in los angeles drone timelapse interview michael izquierdo beverly hills aerials

I talked with Michael Izquierdo to learn more about his work as a drone operator in his stunning 24 Hours in Los Angeles Drone Timelapse.

Michael Izquierdo is a drone pilot for Beverly Hills Aerials, a fully licensed, insured FAA 333 exempt, part 61 and 107 day/night certificate holding aerial cinematography company based in Beverly Hills, California.

They specialize in filming in closed motion picture and television sets creating dynamic, highly difficult aerial drone shots with superior precision. Their clients portfolio include top brands of the likes of Audi, Nike, and Ralph Lauren Polo and media companies of the likes of The Wall Street Journal, NBC and CBS.

I recently happened to watch one of their video – 24 Hours In Los Angeles Drone Timelapse – which is a great example of their ability.

What I most appreciate about this stunning video, shot entirely in Los Angeles, is that it combines advanced aerial filming skills with local regulation. A shining example of drone operation compliance.

Capturing an urban environment with drones can be tough when dealing with drone regulation and safety requirements, but 24 Hours In Los Angeles Drone Timelapse demonstrates how amazing results and compliance are not mutually exclusive!

“This video is the result of a 3 month drone journey throughout Los Angeles. We used every waking free moment to scout, plan, and shoot a variation of iconic locations and inspiring architecture. We shot approximately 50 different locations and only selected the absolute best shots. Our focus was on precision, speed, proper time of day, and most importantly, safety.”

Questions for Michael Izquierdo:

  1. Tell me a little about your background and how you got into using drones?
  2. What do you like most about being a professional aerial video producer?
  3. The 24 hours in Los Angeles video was awesome in so many ways. Tell me where you got the inspiration for the piece and how it came to fruition?
  4. How big was the team filming in the field for your sequences of 24 hours in Los Angeles, and what roles did they play?
  5. What drones did you use and why? Did you build them or did you use commercial models, and if so did you modify them?
  6. Tell me about the cameras you used to shoot and why you chose them? Did you change cameras for night shooting?
  7. Did you experiment with exposures to get the right look?
  8. You say on some occasions you had to return several times to the same location to get the best shot. Tell me a little about that.
  9. What were your top challenges of drone filming in 24 hours in Los Angeles?
  10. Did you have a specific shot list at a location or was it more opportunistic?
  11. Did you use mixed filming, editing and special effects techniques to get the final version?
  12. What software did you use in post and what was your workflow?
  13. How important is drone regulation and compliance to you?
  14. 24 hours in Los Angeles is shot in a busy urban environment. How did you ensure that you always complied with the regulations when filming for this project? What kind of safety measures did you put in place when shooting?
  15. Did you run into any regulatory problems during filming?
  16. If you were to do another 24 hours project, what city would you choose and why?

1. Tell me a little about your background and how you got into using drones?

I grew up building model airplanes and I remember my dad obtaining his pilot’s license purely for recreational use. He took me on one of his lessons where they practiced stalling and I remember loving it. During the beginning of my drone career, I quickly realized that getting a pilot’s license was mandatory.

Back to questions

2. What do you like most about being a professional aerial video producer?

The fact that my team and I can use our creativity to literally capture never before seen perspectives.

Back to questions

3. The 24 hours in Los Angeles video was awesome in so many ways. Tell me where you got the inspiration for the piece and how it came to fruition?

Caleb des Cognets, my chief camera operator, and I often plan passion projects. This one was a combination of some of the shots we had been thinking about for years but never executed on.

Back to questions

4. How big was the team filming in the field for your sequences of 24 hours in Los Angeles, and what roles did they play?
We were at least 3 people: a drone pilot, a camera operator, and one or more spotters.

Back to questions

5. What drones did you use and why? Did you build them or did you use commercial models, and if so did you modify them?

We used an Inspire 2 which is without a doubt the best ready to fly drone you can buy with the most high-speed precision.

Back to questions

6. Tell me about the cameras you used to shoot and why you chose them? Did you change cameras for night shooting?

We used the x5s which is DJI’s built in camera on the Inspire. We did not change cameras for night shooting but we did change between 12,15, 25 and 45mm lenses.

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7. Did you experiment with exposures to get the right look?

Oh yeah, the exposure experimenting was a really fun game, especially for the time lapse clips. Most time lapses would run through an entire battery. We sometimes came home with nothing but terrible and in our opinion unusable footage.

Back to questions

8. You say on some occasions you had to return several times to the same location to get the best shot. Tell me a little about that.

Flying through the CAA (Creative Artists Agency) building was literally a drone dream of mine for years. I live down the street and always drove by. After finally getting our Century City delta airspace waiver approved we drove by to shoot it one evening around sunset. The roads were packed with cars and filled with people. After a quick conversation ending in the realization there was no way we could hold the pedestrian traffic safely, we put it off.

We returned, I don’t even remember how many more times, only to leave without flying. One Sunday morning which coincided with some sort of holiday I can’t remember which one, Caleb pushed me to go back. I had pretty much given up on the ability to do it safely with no people around. We got there around 6am and there was literally not a car or person in sight. It was beautiful. I flew through it twice at full throttle in attitude mode which resulted in one of the shots you saw in the video.

Back to questions

9. What were your top challenges of drone filming in 24 hours in Los Angeles?

Navigating the FAA waiver approval process for up to 6 months in order to obtain the waivers for spots such as the Hollywood sign, Beverly Hills sign, CAA building, NBC Universal.

Back to questions

10. Did you have a specific shot list at a location or was it more opportunistic?

The majority of it was opportunistic. We returned to a few locations after seeing the footage we shot and wanting to do it a little better. We would go back there to get it perfect.

Back to questions

11. Did you use mixed filming, editing and special effects techniques to get the final version?

We did not use any special effects. Caleb and I both edited. No clips were sped up. Caleb color corrected all the shots.

Back to questions

12. What software did you use in post and what was your workflow?

We color corrected in (Adobe) Premiere and edited the footage in Final Cut.

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13. How important is drone regulation and compliance to you?

Incredibly important. I’m one of the first guys to have got a 333 exemption and pilot license. Now, all you need is a part 107. I feel that, before, with the stricter requirements, it helped to maintain a certain level of professionalism with the drone pilots. Now, someone can buy a Phantom and has an aerial business the next day.

A good example of our respect for the regulations and compliance that I remember is when we discussed openly the Hollywood sign shot and everyone kept telling us to just do it because it’s been shot by drones a million times before. But we waited until we got the waiver, and literally shot it the day after we got our waiver. It literally changed nothing about how we did the job other than the fact we did it the right way with FAA approval.

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14. 24 hours in Los Angeles is shot in a busy urban environment. How did you ensure that you always complied with the regulations when filming for this project? What kind of safety measures did you put in place when shooting?

We planned most our locations in G airspace (i.e. below 14,500 feet) which requires no additional waiver. We made sure we could see the entire environment well. We never flew over any people and sometimes used spotters to monitor the road we were flying over and tell us when it was clear. We also monitored radio frequencies in order to hear what was going on in the sky. We held and/or ruined a lot of shots when we saw/heard low-flying helicopters.

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15. Did you run into any regulatory problems during filming?

One day a police officer approached us and we weren’t sure what he was going to say. But he ended up asking us to take a picture of him with our drone!

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16. If you were to do another 24 hours project, what city would you choose and why?

We have this written on our dry erase board in the office… We are not sure but we have discussed San Francisco and San Diego. Possibly international… We really need help figuring that part out, if you have a good suggestion. Please do share.

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Thanks for the interview Michael and you are always welcome here in Dublin – although I can’t guarantee the weather 🙂

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2017 Women To Watch in UAS List Announced By Women and Drones And Drone360

2017 Women To Watch in UAS List Announced By Women and Drones And Drone360

Women and Drones and Drone360 recently announced the 9 most influential women in the drone/UAS industry, winners of the 2017 Women To Watch in the UAS initiative.

Tuesday, August 29th was the date that the 2017 Women To Watch in UAS honourees were announced by Women and Drones and Drone 360 Magazine.

Women to Watch in the UAS Industry is promoted by the Women and Drones organization and Drone360 magazine. This initiative aims to raise the profile of women doing great work in the drone industry and to encourage more women to embrace UAS technology by supporting a group that remains underrepresented thus far.

Those considered for the honours included trailblazers, innovators, mentors, and business leaders in the drone and UAS industry with 110 nominations being received from seven countries worldwide. 

Our Skytango co-Founder Susan Talbot was on the judging panel.

The nine women selected for these honours have made astonishing strides in areas ranging from mapping to racing, education to entertainment. Inspiring women to get involved is the prime objective of Women and Drones. It’s no wonder the industry is growing so steadily with more and more female influencers getting on board to share their ideas.

Now that the dust has settled and we have all gotten busy with other things, we thought it was worth reminding you of the honourees and their extraordinary work. They fall under 9 different categories: Champion, Business, Education, Emerging, Entertainment & Culture, Global Trailblazer, Humanitarian, Influencer and Technology

The nine women honoured for the ‘Women To Watch in UAS’ are:

  • Mary Wohnrade (President/Owner of Wohnrade Civil Engineers) – Champion

Mary is heavily involved in the UAS industry in Colorado. She has developed a proprietary workflow to incorporate
UAS and engineering while working on other ways to expand their possibilities. She is extremely passionate about everything UAS so watch this space!

  • Natalie Cheung (UAV project manager, Intel) – Entertainment & Culture

Natalie is very much involved in the new form of entertainment that will have fire-work manufacturers worried!  Hailing from Santa Clara, CA, Cheung was one of the brains behind Intel’s Drone 500 which we covered in an article in late 2016 and is part of the revolution that is drone sky entertainment!

  • Holly Kasun (Co-Founder of Flybrix) – Business

Holly is appealing to the next generation of drone users with Flybrix, a crash-friendly, rebuildable drone kit made from LEGO bricks. Launched in 2016, Kasun raised $1.7million in funding in just 45 days. Go Flybrix! And Christmas is coming.

  • Gretchen West (Director at the Commercial Drone Alliance & Co-Founder of Women of Commercial Drones) – Influencer

Gretchen is a high profile and highly respected advocate for UAS technology.  She helps commercial drone end users understand the value and realize the benefit of drones by reducing barriers through advocacy and education. West, earlier on in the year, moderated a drone industry and regulation discussion at TieCon in which Skytango CEO Steve Flynn was involved!

  • Karen Joyce (Co-Founder of She Flies, Senior Lecturer in James Cook University) – Education

Karen co-founded She Flies, a drone training academy whose mission is to engage more girls and women with science and technology through the world of drones. She Flies hopes to expand their camps and educational programs beyond Australia very soon!

  • Catherine Ball (Co-Founder of World of Drones Congress & She Flies) – Global Trailblazer

Catherine is a start-up specialist working hard to build bridges, convene the UAS community, and advance innovative solutions in the UAS environment. The World Drone Congress, which debuted in Brisbane this August and at which our CEO Steven Flynn attended as a speaker, is the first major drone event to focus on the Asia-Pacific region. She Flies, which Catherine also cofounded, works to bring UAS and STEM learning to girls and women.

  • Lexie Janson (FPV Drone Racer, drone certification teacher and software developer) – Emerging

Through her tenacity and her sheer love of flying, Lexie has become a high profile racer and is working to raise the profile of drone racing. Dubbed “The First Lady of FPV in Poland” after a TV interview about drone technology, she travels the world to race, and actively encourages others to explore the sport.

  • Helena Samsioe (Founder and CEO of GLOBHE) – Humanitarian

As the boss of a humanitarian drone services company, Helena is leveraging drone capabilities to solve global problems, in particular, public health. She has worked on a UNICEF initiative to develop a humanitarian air corridor to deliver medical supplies in Malawi, and collaborates with other organizations to help heal through UAS tech.

  • Leah LaSalla (Technical Founder and CEO at Astral AR) – Technology

Intrigued with the combination of technologies that can deliver this experience, Leah started patenting and envisioning. She plans to apply this technology to wide-area search-and-rescue, disaster management, environmental remediation, public safety, and other drones-for-good activities. An added bonus: five of her company’s eight executives are women.

The judging panel was made up of three drone industry experts:

Wendy Erikson – Host of Women & Drones Podcast & Emmy award winning journalist & Part-107 certified pilot.

Sally French – The Drone Girl blog, named top 4 women shaping the drone industry by Forture magazine.

Susan Talbot – Skytango Co-Founder & COO & Emmy award winner with 25 years experience in film and TV production.

Congratulations to all involved and good luck with upcoming projects. You are incredible role models for our daughters (and sons!).

And if you are a woman working in the industry, don’t forget to check our list of 6 empowering actions for women in drones!

Images courtesy of Women and Drones.

Be Compliant, Drone Fines Are On The Rise!

Be Compliant, Drone Fines Are On The Rise!

Drone pilots have to comply because drone fines are on the rise

Looking at the increase in the number of drone fines charged against illegal behavior by aviation authorities over the world, I see an emerging trend: more and more authorities are starting to prosecute unlawful drone operations.

While this is good news, many in the industry – as well as myself – feel that the authorities have been slow in enforcing. Why is that?

Well, most of the focus of the regulators to date has been on defining the legal framework of this new industry. How can you enforce if you don’t have a clear set of rules in place first?

Drones represent a revolutionary technology which is booming and being adopted across several verticals with new uses discovered almost every day. While the technology is ready and progresses at an amazing pace, regulators are chasing rather than anticipating this changing industry 

The problem was (and still is), setting the rules isn’t an easy task.

Even in countries where considerable efforts have been made so far in building a legal framework for safely integrating drones into airspace, regulators had to conciliate two different interests – sometimes conflicting: promoting safety and compliance and supporting the needs of the fast-growing drone industry.

Another factor complicating the regulatory efforts is that increased drone use raises several issues from a legal perspective.

Operating a drone involves different areas of law: privacy law, tort law, insurance law, civil aviation regulations, in particular, safety for people and manned aircraft.  On top of that, privacy is a trending topic in the past few months. 

The complexity of this task increases in countries where multiple authorities have input and control over some of the legal aspects related to hobbyist and commercial flying.

For example, in the U.S., a confusing crossover of federal, state and local regulations – the so-called patchwork quilt – is negatively impacting the industry’s development and the capacity of the authorities to focus on enforcement, as a recent research by the Center for the Study of the Drone at Bard College highlights. One of their key insights was that in several cases local drone laws contravene the FAA’s drone rules, resulting in legal conflicts.

Crossing the ocean, while the European Commission has started to draft a blueprint of a legal framework for operating drones, individual  EU member states still have the total decision-making power over drone regulations and legal prosecutions. While the Commission has put a lot of effort recently to standardize drone rules, analysts expect areas of conflict between the European framework and the state and local laws to emerge.

Another problem the aviation authorities have been struggling to deal with is the lack of resources specifically dedicated to managing drone registrations, complaints and reports of illegal or reckless operations.

Despite these difficulties, during the last couple of years, several countries managed to put a drone regulatory framework in place, and are switching their attention from setting the rules to enforcing them.

Moreover, drone regulation is not the concern of drone operators only. Their clients are requiring compliance as well to protect their own brands.

Content buyers have begun to understand that drone content must be acquired legally – like any other type of content such as music – if they don’t want to face the risks associated with illegal operations.

In some countries, regulators are enforcing on the buyers’ side too. For example, in the US, if you hire a drone operator who doesn’t hold a Part 107 allowing commercial operations, you could be facing federal charges as well.

If you are curious to read about some of the most significant cases involving prosecution for non-compliance, I compiled a list of 15 interesting drone fines from around the world, showing the increasing prosecution trend.

So whether you’re a drone operator looking to monetize your drone in a compliant way or whether you’re an aerial content buyer looking for legally acquired content, the website,,  provides a straightforward overview of regulation by country. UAV Coach also offers an updated list of drone laws and regulations by country, making it impossible to feign ignorance of the rules.

Submit Your Drone Film For Free To CinéDrones Festival With Skytango Coupon!

Submit Your Drone Film For Free To CinéDrones Festival With Skytango Coupon!

Grab your coupon to submit your drone film for free to CinéDrones, a festival showcasing the best of aerial cinematographers worldwide.

As the popularity of drone film festivals grows with events popping up globally, there is one drone film festival that owns the ‘first in Europe’ title – CinéDrones International Film Festival.

Debuting in 2015, the CinéDrones International Film Festival has gone from strength to strength with the first two editions receiving in excess of 1000 recorded films from 30 countries worldwide!

CinéDrones is now in its third edition and will take place on November 17th & 18th, 2017 in Saint-Médard-en-Jalles, a lovely town close to Bordeaux, France. We are proud sponsors of this great initiative, providing the winners of CinéDrones with Pro memberships to Skytango.

Organized by Bordeaux Technowest and Athenium Films, CinéDrones shines a light on the best creations from around the globe that have enriched their work with the use of flying cameras!

This year the event is planning to keep up the momentum with participants having 11 different categories to choose from including special categories specifically for submissions in Japanese and from women.

Honorary President of CinéDrones International Film Festival is César Award winner and French actor and producer, Christopher Lambert who starred in over 70 movies including the blockbuster Highlander.

Cinema star Christopher Lambert is also passionate about aviation and about new technologies. He has been Honorary President of CinéDrones since the first edition of the festival in 2015.

Aerials captured with the use of a UAV must account for at least 30% of the completed video submitted. The categories are as follows:

  • Shorts
  • Feature Film, TV & Series
  • News & Documentary
  • Sports & Adventure
  • Heritage & Nature
  • Advertising
  • Musical Video & Performing Arts
  • FPV & Freestyle
  • Worldwide Showreels Screening
  • CinéDrones by Fukuoka (Japanese Section)
  • CinéDrones by Women

The jury, which includes our own Susan Talbot, will host Orelsan, popular French rapper, songwriter, record producer, actor and film director as Jury President.

There are cash prizes up for grabs for the winners of each category with winners’ films also being screened throughout the festival. Companies of the likes of Parrot, GDF SUEZ group, and the French Professionnelle Federation Du Drone Civil have partnered with CinéDrones in the past editions of the event providing support and prizes.

Deadline for submissions is October 10, 2017. Fees for submissions received before Oct. 10th are $20 ($10 for students), while submissions received after the 10th but before the late deadline (October 30, 2017) are $30, but you can use the coupon code:


to get 100% off submissions to CinéDrones International Film Festival 2017. So get your video and start submitting before October 30th!

The festival itself takes place in Cinéma l’Etoile in the municipality of Saint-Médard-en-Jalles that lies about 12.5 kilometres north west of Bordeaux city centre.

Apart from the screening and the award ceremony, the 2-days event schedule also includes side activities. Practical masterclasses for drone operators and filmmakers interested in using drones, and panels debating different aspects of the drone industry will be held in different locations in Saint-Médard-en-Jalles. Check the CinéDrones website for details.

Find out more about CinéDrones:

Photo © CinéDrones International Film Festival